Fiat cars are manufactured by Fiat S.p.A., an Italian automobile manufacturer, engine manufacturer,
financial and industrial group based in Turin, Northern Italy. Agnelli founded Fiat in 1899 with several investors and led the company until his death in 1945.
Fiat automobiles are constructed all around the world - in Italy, Poland, Brazil (best seller) and Argentina. Joint Venture productions in France, Turkey, Egypt (with the state owned Nasr car company), South Africa, India and China.
Albea • Nuova Bravo • Croma • Doblò • Ducato • Fiorino • Grande Punto • Linea • Idea • Marea • Multipla • Nuova 500 • Nuova Panda • Palio / Palio Weekend / Siena • Punto • Scudo • Sedici • Seicento • Strada • Stilo • Ulysse
Abarth • Alfa Romeo • Autobianchi • Ferrari • Fiat • Innocenti • Iveco • Lancia • Maserati • CNH Global
The group's activities were initially focused on the industrial production of cars, industrial and agricultural vehicles. Over time it has diversified into many other fields, and the group now has activities in a wide range of sectors in industry and financial services. It is Italy's largest industrial concern. It also has significant worldwide operations, operating in 61 countries with 1,063 companies that employ over 223,000 people, 111,000 of whom are outside Italy.
Fiat Group is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, with a range of Fiat cars including the Fiat Panda, Punto, Stilo, Idea, Croma, Ulysse and Doblò. Car companies are run by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A, Ferrari S.p.A. and Maserati S.p.A.. Today automobile group runs well known firms like Lancia Automobiles S.p.A, Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A, Abarth & C. S.p.A., Fiat Automobiles S.p.A, IVECO S.p.A., and Maserati S.p.A.. Ferrari S.p.A. is owned by the Fiat Group, but is run autonomously. Light automobile sales accounted for 46.8% of total revenues during fiscal 2004 (3.2% of which is from Ferrari).
The European Car of the Year award, Europe's premier automotive trophy for the past 40 years, has been awarded eleven times to the Fiat Group, more than any other manufacturer.
* 1967: Fiat 124
* 1970: Fiat 128
* 1972: Fiat 127
* 1980: Lancia Delta
* 1984: Fiat Uno
* 1989: Fiat Tipo
* 1995: Fiat Punto
* 1996: Fiat Bravo/Brava
* 1998: Alfa Romeo 156
* 2001: Alfa Romeo 147
* 2004: Fiat Panda
Giovanni Agnelli founded Fiat in 1899 with several investors and led the company until his death in
1945, while Vittorio Valletta administered the day-to-day activities of the company. In 1903, Fiat produced its first truck. In 1908, the first Fiat was exported to the US. That same year, the first Fiat aircraft engine was produced. Also around the same time, Fiat taxis became somewhat popular in Europe. By 1910, Fiat was the largest automotive company in Italy — a position it has retained since. That same year, a plant licensed to produce Fiats in Poughkeepsie, NY, made its first group of Fiat cars. This was before the introduction of Ford's assembly line in 1913.
In 1967, Fiat made its first acquisition when it purchased Autobianchi. Then, in 1969, it purchased controlling interests in Ferrari and Lancia. In 1967, Fiat, with sales amounting to $1.7 billion, outstripped Volkswagen , its main European competitor; in 1968 Fiat produced some 1,750,000 Fiat cars while its sales volume climbed to $2.1 billion. In 1984, Fiat and Lancia withdrew from the American market. In 1989, it did the same in the Australian market.
In 1986, Fiat acquired Alfa Romeo from the Italian government. A year later, Fiat acquired Maserati. In 1995 Alfa Romeo exited the US market. Maserati re-entered the US market under Fiat in 2002. Since then, Maserati sales there have been increasing briskly.