Automakers - Foreign and Domestic
are involved in the design, development, manufacture, marketing, and sale of motor vehicles
. There are hundreds of car makers globally but fewer are involved in large-scale production of vehicles. Many smaller companies running in the hundreds are in the business of tuning cars, producing replicas of famous cars, or manufacturing parts.
Automakers are one of the world's biggest producers and merchandisers of a product. It is also one of the biggest buyers of raw materials such as iron, copper, and rubber. One out of every seven jobs in the U.S. is directly related to the manufacture and use of motor vehicles.
In the United States, the three major manufacturers are General Motors,
Ford, and Chrysler, each of which produces cars that still bear the names of the original independent companies. General Motor cars include Chevrolet, Pontiac, Oldsmobile, and Cadillac.
Ford Motor Company's cars include Ford, Mercury, and Lincoln. Chrysler Corporation cars include Chrysler, Plymouth, and Dodge.
The United States had consistently led the world in the production of cars until 2005. But by 2006, Japan passed the U.S. in car production and held on to the total volume of cars manufactured until 2009 when
China took the top spot with 13.8 million units. By 2010, China had double the input of Japan with 18.3 million units with the U.S. coming in third. Germany, South Korea, Brazil, India, Spain, Mexico, France, Canada,Thailand, Iran, Russia, UK, Turkey, Czech Rep., Poland, and Italy follow in order by the number of units manufactured.
Toyota Motors, based in Japan, is still the top motor vehicle manufacturing company by volume with 8.5 million units. The top automakers after Toyota are General Motors Company ( United States), Volkswagen Group AG ( Germany), Hyundai Motor Group ( South Korea, Ford Motor Company ( United States), Nissan ( Japan), Honda Motor Company ( Japan), PSA Peugeot Citroën S.A. ( France), Suzuki Motor Corporation ( Japan), Renault ( France), Fiat S.p.A. ( Italy), Daimler AG (Germany), Chrysler Group, LLC ( United States), BMW AG ( Germany), Mazda Motor Corporation ( Japan), Mitsubishi Motors Corporation ( Japan), Chana Automobile Company, Ltd ( People's Republic of China), Tata Motors, Ltd ( India), First Automotive Group Corporation ( People's Republic of China), Geely Automobile ( People's Republic of China), Chery Automobile Company, Ltd ( People's Republic of China), Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd ( Japan), Dongfeng Motor Corporation ( People's Republic of China), Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Corporation, Ltd ( People's Republic of China), OAO AvtoVAZ ( Russia), BYD Auto ( People's Republic of China), Isuzu Motors, Ltd ( Japan), Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Company, Ltd ( People's Republic of China), Brilliance China Automotive Holding, Ltd ( People's Republic of China), Great Wall Motor Company, Ltd ( People's Republic of China), Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation ( People's Republic of China), Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd ( India), Hafei Motor ( China), AB Volvo ( Sweden), Jiangxi Qingling Motors Company Ltd. ( China), Proton Holdings, Bhd ( Malaysia), Hunan Jiangnan Automobile ( People's Republic of China), MAN SE ( Germany), Chongqing Lifan Automobile Company, Ltd ( People's, Fujian Motor Industry Group Company ( People's Republic of China), Kuozui Motors, Ltd ( Taiwan), Shandong Kaima ( China), Porsche ( Germany), Chenzhou Gonow Nanyan Chifeng Vehicle ( People's Republic of China), Rongcheng Huatai Motor ( People's Republic of China.
One can see from the automakers above the explosion of manufacturing in China. Being the most populous country in the world, currently at 1.3 billion people, it only makes sense for the country to promote domestic production. Meanwhile, one can notice the decline of Porsche in terms of production as well as Volvo.